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Shavuot & the Fall Holidays

Radio teaching notes from Rabbi Jeremy Storch


Last week we took a closer look at the early spring biblical feasts of the Lord (Lev. 23:4-12), the Feast of Passover, Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits, and how they pointed toward the crucifixion and resurrection of Yeshua Ha Mashiach, Jesus the Messiah.

Today we will begin to take a closer look at the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) which is celebrated in the late spring and how it too points toward Yeshua and towards the unity of all believers (Jew or Gentile) in the Messiah.

In Lev. 23:17 God instructed the Israelites to present to Him a wave offering of two loaves of bread made with “leaven”. The two loaves were symbolic of Israel and the nations, or in other words, Jew and Gentile, who are all one in the Messiah. Leaven, of course, represents sin in the Bible, and “all have sinned (whether Jew or Gentile) and come short of the glory of God” (Rom. 3:23 ).

It is very interesting that during the early spring festivals of Passover, Unleavened Bread, and Firstfruits, only “unleavened” bread could be used, because those three feasts pointed directly to Yeshua, who was sinless.

Again, the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) is a picture of unity between Jew and Gentile in the Messiah. This picture of unity is beautifully illustrated for us in the story of Ruth and Boaz. The book of Ruth traditionally is read on Shavuot because the setting of the story takes place during the Feast of Weeks itself in the late spring harvest.

Ruth faithfully followed her Jewish mother-in-law, Naomi, to Bethlehem saying, “Wherever you go, I will go. Your God shall be my God, and your people my people”.

Soon after arriving in Bethlehem Ruth began to glean in the fields of Boaz, a biblical right that she had, even as a Gentile, according to God's Torah in Lev. 23:22. As the story continues, Ruth and Boaz fall in love and Boaz takes Ruth to be his wife. Eventually they had a son whom they named Obed. Obed became the father of Jesse, and Jesse became the father of King David. David was form the tribe of Judah , and through his lineage came Yeshua (Jesus) who is the Lion of the tribe of Judah . What a beautiful story of unity between Boaz, a Jewish man, and Ruth, a Gentile woman, and how through their lineage came the Messiah, and in Him we are all one.

God richly blessed Ruth because she had a heart for the God of Israel, and for the Jewish people. Many Christians today have this heart of Ruth and God is blessing them as well. Indeed, the scripture rings true from Gen 12:3 when God said to Abraham “I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you”. God wants to bless you today as you embrace the biblical Jewish roots of your faith in Yeshua, the Jewish Messiah and Savior of the world.


Yesterday we looked at the Feast of weeks (Shavuot) celebrated in the “late spring”, and how the feast pointed towards unity of Jew and Gentile in the Messiah, illustrated by the waving of two loaves of bread baked with “leaven” (Lev 23:17). This theme of unity is further illustrated in the Book of Ruth, which also takes place during the Feast of Shavuot. In the Book of Ruth, Boaz - a Jewish man, marries Ruth - a Gentile woman; and from their offspring came King David. From David's lineage came the Messiah, Yeshua (Jesus) and in Him we are all one!

So the Feast of Weeks is definitely an agricultural festival pointing toward unity in the Messiah – but the feast has a second major theme to it as it also commemorates the giving of the Law (God's Torah) to Moses and the children of Israel at Mt. Sinai.

Fifty days after the Israelites came out of Egypt , which took place during Passover; they came to Mt. Sinai and received the Law. When the Law was given (according to Ex. 19) there were supernatural manifestations of fire, smoke and peals of thunder and lightning at Mt. Sinai , and the whole place shook violently. Fifty days after Yeshua became our Passover Lamb, came the outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2,) fulfilling the words of the prophet Jeremiah in chapter 31, when God said, “Behold the days are coming when I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and Judah. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts and they will all know me from the least to the greatest. (Jeremiah 31:31-34)

This, too, took place on Shavuot, when God-fearing Jews from all the nations came up to Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast, and when the Holy Spirit was given, there were also supernatural manifestations, such as the sound of rushing winds, tongues of fire, and the whole place shook violently.

Here are some further comparisons between the Jewish Feast of Shavuot and the Day of Pentecost.:

1) On Shavuot, 3,000 Jews who worshiped a golden calf were put to death (Ex. 32:28) .

*On the day of Pentecost, Peter, empowered by the Holy Spirit, preached a great

sermon and 3,000 Jews were saved .

2) On Shavuot, Israel was “born as a nation” after entering into a covenant relationship with God at Mt. Sinai .

*On Pentecost came the “birth of the church” through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

3) On Shavuot, the commandments of God were written on stone tablets by the finger of God.

*On Pentecost, they were written on human hearts by the Spirit of God.

As you can see, the churches celebration of the Day of Pentecost is rooted in the biblical Jewish Feast of Shavuot (The Feast of Weeks).


For those of you who have been listening in every weekday morning at 9:30 , you will know that we have been talking bout the biblical Jewish feasts of the Lord in Lev. 23, and how they point toward and are fulfilled in the Messiah Yeshua (Hebrew for Jesus).

So far, we have taken a closer look at the first four of these festivals, Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits and the Feast of Weeks, which are celebrated in the early and late spring. They clearly point toward the crucifixion and resurrection of the Messiah, and the outpouring of the Ruach Ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit). Therefore, these four festivals have been fulfilled completely in the first coming of the Messiah Jesus.

Today, I would like to begin to speak to you about the fall festivals, which have partially been completed in Yeshua's first coming, but will totally be completed in the second coming of the Messiah.

The three fall festivals are the Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah in Hebrew), the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot in Hebrew). All three of these feasts are observed during the month of Tishrei, the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar.

The Feast of Trumpets, observed on the 1 st day of the 7 th month (Lev. 23:24 ) again is called Yom Teurah in Hebrew, which means “the Day of the Awakening Blast .”

For this reason it is associated with the second appearance of the Messiah and the rapture of the body of believers, conforming to the words of Paul in I Tim. 4:16, 17. “For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an arch-angel, and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Messiah will rise first. Then we, who are alive and remain, shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will be with the Lord forever”.

You can imagine the awakening of that blast, the blast of the shofar announcing the second coming of the Messiah!

The Feast of Trumpets is also associated with a Day of Judgment (“Yom Ha Din” in Hebrew) .

A day when books are opened and final judgment takes place. According to Dan. 7:9, 10, “The Ancient of Days was seated, ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him, the court was seated and the books were opened”. Daniel goes on to say in Vs. 13 & 14, in connection with verses 9 & 10: “And behold, One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven…and to Him was given dominion and glory and a Kingdom, that all peoples, nations and languages should serve Him, and His dominion will never pass away.”

Further connections are made by the words of the Messiah, Himself, in Matt. 24:30, 31. Jesus said, “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory, and He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.”


Yesterday we began to take a closer look at the fall festivals, in particular the Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah in Heb.) – “The Day of the Awakening Blast”. We saw connections with this feast and the second coming of the Messiah as we looked into I Thes. 4:16 -17, Dan 7:9-14 and Matt. 24:30-31, which give pictures of judgment, books being opened, the blast of the shofar from heaven, and the coming of the Son of Man on the clouds of glory. These are all themes of the biblical Jewish Feast of Trumpets, which God commanded the Israelites to keep in Lev. 23:24.

Another theme connected with the Feast of Trumpets is Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, which, according to rabbinic Judaism, marks the creation of the world. On Rosh Hashanah God is recognized as the Divine creator and as King of the universe. Therefore, we have another sub-title to the Feast of Trumpets called “Ha Melech” which means “the King”. One of the reasons we sound the shofar (the rams horn) on Rosh Hashanah is to “hail the King” with the blast of the horn.

Yeshua is King in every sense of the word. He has a throne (Heb. “keesay), He has a scepter (Heb. “sharvet), and He has a kingdom (Heb. “malchoot”).

He has subjects in His kingdom including angels, archangels, and other heavenly beings, believers, who have graduated from earth to heaven; and the rest of us, His people in the earth (meaning you and me), who are also believers in the Messiah.

The King also gives us His “decrees”, his commandments in the Bible (“mitzvot” in Heb.).

Other kings and kingdoms will come and go – but Yeshua's kingdom endures forever!

On top of all this, He is a good King! He feeds the hungry, clothes the naked, provides shelter for the poor and the homeless, heals the sick and visits those who are lonely and in prison. This King even lays down His own life for His people and when His people die, He raises them to life again! How could anyone ask for another King? (You have to be crazy!)

Yet so many people would rather serve another king. However, this is not a nice king. He is the king of “darkness”. This king is a thief who comes to steal, kill and destroy. This king has been a liar since the beginning. This “king of darkness” can even appear as an “angel of light” and fool many. This king knows he will be thrown into a lake of fire, and he wants you there with him.

*Isn't it better to serve Yeshua (Jesus) “our good King”?


For the past few days I have been speaking to you about the biblical “Feast of Trumpets” which God commanded the Israelites to keep in Lev. 23:24. In Hebrew, this feast is called “Yom Teruah” which means “The Day of the Awakening Blast”

We have seen that this feast, according to the scriptures, has connections with the second coming of the Messiah, with judgment, and with Rosh Hashanah, when God is “hailed” as the Creator of the world and the King of the Universe; this all points toward Yeshua (Jesus), our “good King” who is coming back soon.

Connected with judgment is the theme of “repentance” – another vital aspect of the Feast of Trumpets, a,k.a., Rosh Hashanah.

In Judaism, there is a designated “season of repentance” called in Hebrew, the season of T'shuva, which basically means “repenting of all sin, and coming back to God with your whole heart.

This season of T'shuva begins 30 days before Rosh Hashanah on the first day of the Hebrew month of Elul. During the month of Elul the shofar is sounded every morning to remind the Jewish people to “search their soul” and “repent of all sins” before the high holy days of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur arrive. These are observed on the first and the tenth day of the month of Tishrei, the Hebrew month that follows the month of Elul.

In reality the entire 40 day period, is the season of T'shuva (the season of repentance) beginning with the first of Elul and culminating on the 10th of Tishrei, the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur).

During the 40-day period, the story of Abraham and Isaac on Mt. Moriah (Gen. 22) is read in Jewish synagogues and in Jewish houses. In Hebrew, it is called “the Akidah” which means “the binding of Isaac”. The story itself is a reminder to our Jewish people that God provided a sacrifice in place of Isaac, a ram caught by its “horns” in the bushes. Here we see another connection with the ram's horn (the shofar), and the biblical Jewish feasts of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. But the greater significance is that God provided a “lamb” in place of Isaac, as Abraham prophesied that He would in Gen. 22:8.

What most people do not realize is that Mt. Moriah became the very place where King Solomon built the temple 1,000 years later, and the very place where Yeshua (Jesus) was sacrificed for our sins 2,000 years later as "the precious Lamb of God ."

This was the real fulfillment of Abraham's prophecy.

Yes, it is true that there is a designated “season of repentance” in Judaism, in connection with the biblical feast of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, but as we all know, a person can repent of their sins any day of the year and come back to God with their whole heart.

In the Brit Hadasha (the New Covenant) I John 1:7 & 9 says, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us all our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness, through the blood of His Son, Jesus the Messiah”.










Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:
May they prosper who love you.  Peace be within your walls.  Prosperity within your palaces.
Psalm 122:6


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