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Shabbat

 

Radio teaching notes from Rabbi Jeremy Storch


Monday

Today I would like to talk to you about the Sabbath Day, which is called in Hebrew, “Shabbat”. Shabbat is a primary Hebrew root word which has many meanings. It means “to cease from exertion, to rest, to put away, to rid your self of”. But it also means “to celebrate” (as in celebrating the benefits of entering that rest).

In Genesis 2:2&3 we see that God created the Sabbath day in the very beginning, long before the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were born. God created Shabbat, sanctified it and blessed it, and set it apart as a special holy day for His creation to “rest” and to be in “fellowship” with Him.

In Gen 2:2&3 we also see that Shabbat is definitely the 7 th day of the week. It reads in Hebrew, “Yom hash-vee-ee” which means the 7 th day. That means from Friday evening at sundown to Saturday evening at sundown, not only according to the Hebrew calendar, but according to the Bible as well. Therefore Shabbat should not be “watered down” to any other day of the week, not even Sunday (don't get me wrong, I'm not saying that you shouldn't go to church on Sunday – God should be worshipped every day of the week.) But don't call Sunday the Sabbath Day, because it is not!

In Exodus 20:8-11 we see that observing the Sabbath day is one of the 10 commandments. God gave the Sabbath to the Israelites, but He also gave Shabbat to any “strangers,” who were living amongst or who had “joined” themselves to the Israelites (Ex 20:10 ). The word stranger reads in Hebrew, “geyr” which means a foreigner, an alien, a stranger, a non-Israelite or one who is from the nations – in other words, a Gentile!. Even in the 10 commandments in the Torah itself, God clearly states that Shabbat is for Jews and Gentiles alike

As you further examine the Scriptures you will see that God gave all the biblical feasts to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles as well. This would include the Feast of Passover, Unleavened Bread in the early spring, all the way through the Fest of Tabernacles in the fall according to Ex. 12:19 and Deut 16:9-14.

According to Lev. 23:1-3 Shabbat is definitely a feast of the Lord, a feast that we get to celebrate not just once a year like the other biblical feasts, but a feast that we get to celebrate once a week, every week of the year. At the end of a long “work week”, what a blessing it is to be able to “throw your hands up in the air” and say “Thank God, it's Shabbat!”

Lev. 23:3 also calls Shabbat a “holy Convocation”, a “sacred assembly”, indicating that the Israelites and any Gentiles who had “joined themselves” to the Jewish people “gathered together” on Shabbat to worship the Lord. The writer of Hebrews adds to this in Heb. 10:25 that we, as believers in Yeshua (Jesus) “should not forsake the gathering of the assembly”.

We hope that you will join us each week at the Tabernacle as we gather together to praise and worship the God of Israel, to study His Word throughout the entire Bible, to pray for the peace of Jerusalem, and to fellowship together in the Holy Spirit and above all, to lift up the Name of all names – the Name of Yeshua (Jesus), who is the Lord of the Sabbath.


Tuesday

Yesterday I began to speak to you about the Sabbath Day, called in Hebrew, Shabbat. We saw that is definitely the 7 th day of the week (Gen. 2:2&3), which reads in Hebrew “Yom Hash-vee-ee”, which means the 7 th day, which according to the bible is from Friday evening at sundown through Saturday evening at sundown. We also saw that the observance of Shabbat is one of the 10 commandments and that it is to be observed not only by the Jewish people, but also by any non-Jews (meaning those who are from the nations) who are living amongst, or who have “joined themselves” to the Jewish people (Ex 20:10).

We also saw that God created Shabbat for all mankind, long before the 10 commandments and the Torah were given to Moses and the children of Israel – again according to Gen 2:2&3.

Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah Himself re-affirmed this in Mark 2:27 when he said “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.” He said this because the Pharisees (like many Talmudic Rabbis today) were imposing many man-made traditions upon the people in regards to Shabbat, making it a hardship to keep the Sabbath; when all along, God created the Sabbath to be a blessing for mankind, and that they should “delight in the Sabbath” (According to Isaiah 58:13&14).

Now Yeshua of course was Jewish. He was circumcised on the 8 th day (Luke 2:21 ) which was the seal of God's covenant with Abraham. He was dedicated, officially named at the Temple on the 8 th day (Luke 2:21 ), which was the custom of the Jewish people. He fulfilled his “rite of passage” (which was a former name for “Bar Mitzvah”) (Luke 2:46 &47), and according to Luke 4:16 , Yeshua attended Shabbat services on a regular basis – HE STILL DOES!

Yeshua never did away with Sabbath – remember, he said in Matt. 5:17&18 “Do not think I've come to abolish the Law or the prophets, I've come to fulfill them. Until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, nor the least stroke of a pen will disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.

Not only did Jesus honor and keep the Sabbath – he Himself created it! In the gospel of John, chap. 1:1-3 it says “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God-all things that were made were made through Him. It goes on to say in verse 14 – “and thy Word became flesh and dwelt among us”.

Yeshua is the Word made flesh. The One who upheld His Father's Torah, which includes the keeping of the Sabbath and the keeping of the Sabbath is not only for the Jewish people, but for Gentile believers in Jesus who are led by the Holy Spirit to do so.

Let me leave you with one last scripture from Isaiah 56:3-7. “Do not let the son of the foreigner who has joined himself to the Lord say ‘the Lord has separated me from His people' for thus says the Lord – to those who keep my Sabbaths, and to the sons of the foreigners who join themselves to the Lord to serve Him, and to love the Name of the Lord – everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, and keeps my covenant, even them I will bring to My holy mountain and make them joyful in My House of prayer.”


Wednesday

For the past few days I've been speaking to you about the Sabbath Day (Hebrew “Shabbat”), which according to the Scriptures is definitely the 7 th day of the week (from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday.) Keeping of the Sabbath is one of the 10 commandments (Ex. 20:8-11), and the Sabbath was given not only to the Israelites, but who to any Gentiles who have “joined themselves” to the Jewish people (Ex 20:10 and Isaiah 56:2-7).

We also saw how Yeshua (Jesus) was a Torah observant Jew. Not only was He circumcised on the 8 th day (Luke 2:21 ) but that He also attended Shabbat services in His hometown synagogue on a regular basis (Luke 4:16 ).

We also saw that Yeshua Himself created the Sabbath. John 1:1-3 – “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God – all things created were created by Him (including the Sabbath) John 1:14 – and the “Word became flesh and dwelt among us”. This is the same Jesus who said “Do not think I've come to abolish the Law or the Prophets, I've come to fulfill them (Matt 5:17 ) upholding the laws of Moses. He also said in Mark 2:27 that “the Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath” teaching us that Shabbat is a blessing from God to all mankind and that we should “delight in it”.

Shabbat is also the sign and the seal of the Mosaic Covenant (Ex 31:12-17), and again, Yeshua observed, taught and upheld the Torah of Moses, and taught others to do the same. (Matt. 5:17-19)

Shabbat also has great prophetic application toward the millennial reign of Yeshua. Shabbat is the 7 th day of the week (a day of rest). The land itself rested every 7 th year (Lev. 25:4); pointing toward the millennial reign of Yeshua when there will be peace and “rest” in the earth for a thousand years.

The biblical account of the millennial reign of Yeshua is found in Zech. 14 and Rev. 20. The Scriptures say that Yeshua will rule and reign in Jerusalem for a 1000 years and again, there will be peace and “rest” throughout the whole earth. This is all connected with the beginning of the “eternal “Shabbat” that God has prepared for His people since the beginning of time.

What's even of further interest to all of us is that the millennial reign of Yeshua is connected with the Feast of Tabernacles, which just happens to be the 7 th annual feast of the Lord, celebrated for 7 days in the 7 th month of the year (Lev. 23:34 ).

Zech 14:16 says that is should come to pass that all of the nations (notice that I said “all the nations”) shall to up year after year to worship the King during the Feast of Tabernacles (This is connected with the millennial reign of Yeshua according to Rev. 20:1-5).

Somehow, through all of this, every believer, whether Jew or Gentile, has got to understand that God created the Sabbath not just for the Jewish people, but for the Gentiles as well, pointing towards a time of eternal peace and “rest” in the earth, when we will all be worshipping Yeshua, the King of all Kings together in Jerusalem.
 

Thursday

Today I would like to continue to speak to you about the Sabbath day, which is called “Shabbat” in Hebrew. Of course, Shabbat is a vast subject, as we've seen during the teachings this week, and that it has many different meanings. It is a day when God Himself rested; it's a day of rest for all believers in Jesus; it's the sign and seal of the Mosaic covenant and points to Yeshua (Jesus) who upheld the laws of Moses; it's a day of “delighting in the Lord' (Isaiah 58:13&14), a day of “delighting with your family” and a day of “delighting with other believers”. (For we are all the family of God) Shabbat also points toward the millennial reign of Yeshua (Zech. 14 & Rev.20), when there will be peace and “rest” in the whole earth. And very importantly we have seen that Shabbat is definitely the 7 th day of the week (Gen 2:2&3) and should not be “watered down” to any other day of the week.

The book of Hebrews also speaks of a Sabbath rest for all the people of God. Heb. 4:9-11 says, “There remains therefore a rest for the people of God, for he who has entered God's rest has himself also ceased from his works, as God did from His – let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest”.

In connection with these verses are vs. 14-16 of the same chapters, which speak of Yeshua (Jesus) our Great High Priest who has “passed through the heavens, who is a merciful and compassionate High Priest, able to sympathize with our weaknesses and that we can come boldly to the throne of grace and find mercy and grace in time of need.

This to me is one of the most profound meanings of Shabbat. It goes beyond any day of the week, or any place in the earth. It is not in any man-made church building or synagogue. It's a place in the “spirit realm”. In the Holy of Holies in a tabernacle pitched not by man, but by the Lord Himself, it's within the veil of the Heavenly Sanctuary, and the only way you can enter that “Sabbath rest” is through the shed blood of Yeshua Ha Mashiach, Jesus the Messiah. It is a place where you can come before a merciful and compassionate Great High Priest and cry out “Lord, help me, Lord heal me, Lord save me, Lord deliver me, Lord have mercy on me!

It's also a place where you can “worship in Spirit and in truth”, where you can stand before the Throne of the Almighty, cast your crown before Him and cry out “Kadosh, Kadosh, Kadosh, holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, the One who was, the One who is, and the One who is to come.

It's a place where you can cry out with all the heavenly beings, “Glory, Honor, Power, Praise, riches, strength, wisdom, and blessings, belong to the Lamb who sits upon the Throne forever and ever! Hallelujah!

Yes, there is a Sabbath rest for the people of God, especially for those who know how to “enter in” and worship the Lord in the splendor of His holiness.
 

Friday

I've been speaking to you about the Sabbath Day which is called in the Hebrew language “Shabbat” – the 7 th day of the week (Gen 2:2&3), observed from Friday evening at sundown through Saturday evening at sundown.

As a Messianic Rabbi, I am often asked: “If God created Shabbat to be the 7 th day of the week as a day of rest in Him, why is it that most believers in Jesus worship on Sunday, which is the first day of the week?”

Well, first of all, let me say that God should be worshiped every day of the week. However, we should note that Friday evening through Saturday evening (the 7 th day) is the official day of worship, rest and fellowship with the Lord, according to the Scriptures in Gen. 2:2&3, Ex. 20:8-11, Ex 31:12-17 and Lev. 23:1-3, just to name a few.

In addition, it was the regular custom of Yeshua (Jesus) and the apostle Paul to attend synagogue services on the Sabbath Day (Luke 4:16 and Acts 13:14-16). As a matter of fact, the entire body of the early Messianic believers in Jesus, both Jew and Gentile, worshipped on Shabbat, the 7 th day of the week, honoring the Sabbath Day as was commanded by God for the Jewish people and any Gentiles living amongst them (Ex. 20:10), also conforming to Isaiah 56:6 which says, “Let the sons of the foreigners who join themselves to the Lord keep my covenant and honor the Sabbath”. This scripture points toward Romans 11 which says that Gentiles are grafted into the House of Israel and Eph. 2 which says that Gentiles are now part of the commonwealth of Israel .

However, in the early centuries after the death and resurrection of Yeshua, things began to change. After the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 A.D., most of the Jewish believers fled from the city, many others scattered over the earth. The Messianic Jewish influence over the Gentile Christians was for the most part, gone!

Then came the de-Judiazation process, by the early Roman emperors and Roman Church fathers, which was rooted in the demonic spirit of anti-Semitism, saying that the Christian Church has “replaced the Jews” as the true Israel of God, that true Christians should have nothing to do with those Jewish people nor their practices, because they “murdered our Lord”.

In 135 A.D. the Roman Emperor Hadrian made it illegal to keep the Sabbath, period! Any Jew or Gentile Christian found keeping the Sabbath was immediately arrested or martyred.

At the council of Nicea in 325 A.D., the Roman Emperor Constantine took it a step further changing Passover into something called Easter, which finds its roots in paganism. By the late 4 th century, further legislation forbid Christians from observing the Sabbath, from keeping the Jewish Passover, and from observing any of the laws of Moses (God's Torah). Even though Jesus said in Matt. 5:17 “do not think I've come to abolish the law, I've come to fulfill it. Even though Paul warned the church in Rome in Rom. 11:18 “remember, you don't support the root…the root supports you!”

The changing of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday was born out of a spirit of anti-Semitism, which comes from Satan. But praise be to God whose turning things around in these last days, as He is restoring the church to its biblical Jewish roots.

As I said earlier, God should be worshiped every day, but let's remember the Sabbath Day and KEEP IT HOLY!

 

 

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"SHA-ALU SHALOM YIRUSHALAYIM"
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:
May they prosper who love you.  Peace be within your walls.  Prosperity within your palaces.
Psalm 122:6

 

"The Tabernacle" is an outreach of Tabernacle of Praise Ministries, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization.
The Tabernacle is led by Messianic Rabbi Jeremy Storch and is located in Branson, Missouri.
If you have questions or comments, please email us at: info@TheTabernacleInBranson.com