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Passover
 

Radio teaching notes from Rabbi Jeremy Storch


Monday

Today many Christians are seeking the biblical Jewish roots of their faith in Yeshua (Hebrew for Jesus). One of the primary ways in which Yeshua is revealed in the Old Covenant (Hebrew "Tenach") scriptures is through the biblical feasts of the Lord listed in Lev. 23.

There are seven annual feasts listed in Lev. 23. Three of them are observed in the early spring, one in the late spring and three more in the fall. (ALL OF THESE FEASTS, IN A VERY SPECIAL WAY, REVEAL GOD'S TIMELINE FOR THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD.)

The first three feasts of the Lord in the early spring are Passover, Unleavened Bread and Firstfruits (“Bikkurim” in Hebrew). They point toward the crucifixion of Yeshua, who was without sin, and towards the resurrection of the Messiah being the “firstfruits from the dead” according to I Cor. 15:20.

The fourth feast of the Lord in the late spring is called the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot in Hebrew). This feast is an agricultural festival, but it also commemorates the giving of the Law (God's Torah) to Moses and the children of Israel at Mt. Sinai . The giving of the Law pointed toward the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, which also took place on the very same day as the Feast of Shavuot was being celebrated in Jerusalem about 1,500 years later, according to Acts 2. This, of course, is the Day of Pentecost, but its roots are found in the biblical Jewish Feast of Weeks.

This is also a fulfillment of the word of the Lord through the prophet Jeremiah in Chapter 31.

“Behold the days are coming when I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and with the House of Judah …this is the covenant I will make with them in those days says the Lord…I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts…and they will all know me from the least to the greatest.” (Jeremiah 31:31-34)

This is exactly what God did on Shavuot (the Day of Pentecost) for all of us – and, of course, the “Ruach Ha Kodesh” (the Holy Spirit) is only given to those who have faith in Yeshua Ha Mashiach, Jesus the Messiah, the precious Passover Lamb of God who is also risen from the dead as King of kings and Lord of lords.

As you can see, the first four biblical feasts of the Lord, listed in Lev. 23, not only pointed toward, but have been totally fulfilled in the first coming of the Messiah.

The three fall festivals are called the Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah), the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). These feasts have been partially fulfilled in the first coming of the Messiah, but will totally be fulfilled in His second coming.

Tuesday

Yesterday we looked at a brief overview of the seven major annual feasts of the Lord, listed in our bibles in Lev. 23.

We also saw how they revea,l in a very special way, God's “timeline” for the history of the world (THE FEASTS, THEMSELVES, ARE CALLED “GOD'S APPOINTED TIMES AND SEASONS” ACCORDING TO LEV. 23:4)

Furthermore, and most importantly, we saw how all of these feasts point toward and are fulfilled in the Messiah Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew).

Today I would like to elaborate a little more on the first of these seven annual festivals – the feast of Passover (pronounced “Pesach” in Hebrew).

According to Ex. 12, God instructed the Israelites to take the “blood of a lamb” and put it on the doorposts of their houses – and that when He saw the blood, He would “pass over” their houses, and spare them the plague that was coming upon Egypt – God was also now preparing to deliver the children of Israel from 400 years of slavery and bondage to Pharaoh and the Egyptians.

This has great application for believers in Yeshua today, whether Jew or Gentile, because Yeshua (Jesus) is our Passover Lamb, the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world!

OTHER CONNECTIONS WE CAN MAKE FROM THE JEWISH FEAST OF PASSOVER AND HOW IT APPLIES TO US AS BELIEVERS IN YESHUA ARE AS FOLLOWS:

1) Through the blood of the Lamb, applied to the doorposts of their homes, God delivered the Israelites from Pharaoh, who held them in bondage.

*Through the blood of Yeshua, shed on a wooden cross (the tree of sacrifice), God has delivered us from Satan (the Pharaoh of this world) and from a life of bondage to him.

2) the Feast of Passover was to be observed on the 14 th day of the Hebrew month is Nisan (according to Ex. 12:6 and Lev. 23:5).

*Yeshua (Jesus) died precisely on the 14 th day of Nisan, as our Passover Lamb

3) When the Israelites left Egypt , it was a time of “new beginnings” for them, a whole new life in a new “promised land.”

*The blood of Yeshua, our Passover Lamb, initiated a time of new beginnings for us – a whole new life in a new “promised land” – the Kingdom of God . II Cor. 5:17 says, “If anyone is in the Messiah, he is a new creation, old things have passed away, behold all things have become new! In Ex. 12, God also gave specific requirements for the Passover Lamb itself.

a) It was to be chosen four days before Passover

b) It was to be a male, without blemish or defect

c) It was to be slaughtered by all the people at twilight

d) Not a bone of its body was to be broken
 

Wednesday

Yesterday we began to take a closer look at the biblical Jewish Feast of Passover and how it points toward Yeshua (Jesus), our Passover Lamb

1) That the blood of the Lamb was to be shed on the 14 th day of the month of Nisan

(Ex 12:6 and Lev. 23:5) – precisely the day Yeshua was crucified

2) How through the blood of the Lamb God delivered the children of Israel from a life of bondage to Pharaoh. * Through the blood of Yeshua, our Passover Lamb, God has delivered us from a life of bondage to Satan, the Pharaoh of this world.

3) We also saw how the blood of the Lamb initiated a “time of new beginnings” for the Israelites – a whole new life in a new promised land. *Through the blood of Yeshua we, too, are “born again” – we have a whole new life as citizens of the “ kingdom of God .”

In Ex. 12 God also spelled out specific requirements for the Passover Lamb itself. The Lamb was to be chosen on the 10 th day of Nisan and go on public display four days before Passover (Ex. 12:3). Yeshua went on public display four days before Passover when He entered Jerusalem on the 10 th of Nisan.

Ex. 12:5 says that the Passover Lamb had to be a male, without defect (blemish). Yeshua was examined by many during the last four days of His life, but they couldn't find anything wrong with Him, such as Pontius Pilate who said, “I find nothing wrong with this man” (Luke 23:4), and Judas Iscariot, who, when returning the 30 pieces of silver (Matt. 27:4) cried out, “I have betrayed innocent blood!.” The reputed cross thief said to the other cross thief (Luke 23:41 ), “We deserve the punishment we are getting, but this man has done nothing wrong.” Even the Roman centurion (Matt 27:54) said after Yeshua had died, “Surely this man was the Son of God,” indicating Yeshua's perfection.

In Ex. 12:6 we see another one of God's requirements concerning the Passover Lamb, that it was to be killed at “twilight” on the 14 th day of Nisan. In the Hebrew language twilight reads “BAIN HA-ARBAYIM' which literally means “between the two evenings.” Yeshua was crucified during the 6 th hour of the day between the two evenings on the 14 th of Nisan, according to Luke 23:44.

Also, according to Ex. 12:6, the Lamb was to be killed by all the people (the whole community). Yeshua (Jesus) died for all sinners; we are all responsible for His death. Romans 3:23 says that “all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.”

Exodus 12:46 says that not a bone of the Passover Lamb was to be broken. The legs of the two cross thieves were broken, but not Yeshua's, thus fulfilling the scripture. In every way, Yeshua fulfilled all the requirements of the Torah, even to the smallest detail, to be the Passover Lamb of God. He is the Torah of God made flesh in the person of Jesus of Nazareth, the Spoken Word, which became the Written Word, which became the Living Word!
 

Thursday

For the past few days we have been taking a closer look at the Jewish Feast of Passover and it's fulfillment in Yeshua the Messiah.

Another biblical feast, very closely associated with Passover, is the Feast of Unleavened Bread, pronounced in Hebrew, “Chag Ha Matzot.” This feast also points directly to Jesus, as do all of the Feasts of the Lord. Passover, as we've seen, is observed on the 14 th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, according to Lev. 23:5, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is observed for seven more days, from the 15 th though the 21 st of Nisan, according to Lev. 23:6. During the entire eight day period only bread without “leaven” could be eaten.

As we all know, “leaven” in the Bible is symbolic of sin. In the Hebrew language leaven is referred to as “chametz”, which means “something that ferments and leads to bitterness in the end.” Sin in our lives will continue to ferment and lead to bitterness in the end, for “the wages of sin is death” (Rom. 6:23 )

Of course, Yeshua was without sin, and right away we can see how the Feast of Unleavened Bread points toward Him, especially as it is directly connected with the Feast of Passover, which points toward the blood of Yeshua that was shed for all sinners. Another way of putting that is He, even though He was sinless, became “the bread of affliction” for all of us!

During Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread we eat unleavened bread, which, in Judaism, is commonly called Matzah. If you look closely at a piece of Matzah you will see that it is “striped, pierced and bruised,” a picture of God's suffering Messiah in Isa. 53 who was “pierced for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities and by whose stripes we are healed!”

Another Jewish tradition, based on Ex. 12:18-20, is removing all the leaven from Jewish homes shortly before Passover. This ceremony is called in Hebrew “Bedikat Chametz” which means “removing the leaven.

Isn't it interesting that just before Passover, Jesus entered the temple in Jerusalem and overturned the tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who sold doves (Matt. 21:12 ). What was He doing? He was cleansing His Father's house from all leaven, just before Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

I'd like to leave you for today with a very interesting scripture found in Ex. 12:19. “For seven days, no leaven is to be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel , whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.” The word “stranger” reads in Hebrew “geyr”: one who is a foreigner; an alien; one who is from the nations; a Gentile.

God commanded for future generations that any Gentiles living amongst the Israelites should celebrate the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread with the Jewish people, a picture of unity in the Messiah.

As you analyze the scriptures, you will see that all the feasts of the Lord are for Jew and Gentile.

Friday – Overview of the week

 

 

 

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"The Tabernacle" is an outreach of Tabernacle of Praise Ministries, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization.
The Tabernacle is led by Messianic Rabbi Jeremy Storch and is located in Branson, Missouri.
If you have questions or comments, please email us at: info@TheTabernacleInBranson.com