The Tabernacle Times
April 2014                                    Nissan 5774                                 Volume 9 Issue 4

Passover and Unleavened Bread

Rabbi & Brenda
Rabbi Jeremy
and Brenda

  Today many Christians are seeking the biblical Jewish roots of their faith in Yeshua (Jesus).  One of the primary ways in which Yeshua is revealed in the Old Covenant (Hebrew “Tenach”) scriptures is through the biblical feasts of the Lord.

According to Ex. 12, God instructed the Israelites to take the “blood of a lamb” and put it on the doorposts of their houses – and that when He saw the blood, He would “pass over” their houses, and spare them the plague that was coming upon

   Exodus 12:46 says that not a bone of the Passover Lamb was to be broken.  The legs of the two cross thieves were broken, but not Yeshua’s, thus fulfilling the scripture.  In every way, Yeshua fulfilled all the requirements ofAnother biblical feast, very closely associated with Passover, is the Feast of Unleavened Bread, pronounced in Hebrew, “Chag Ha Matzot.”  This feast also points directly to Jesus, as do all of the Feasts of the Lord.  Passover, as we’ve seen, is observed on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, according to Lev. 23:5, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is observed for seven more days, from the 15th though the 21st of Nisan, according to Lev. 23:6. During the entire eight day period only bread without “leaven”  
Egypt – God was also now preparing to deliver the children of Israel from 400 years of slavery and bondage to Pharaoh and the Egyptians.

This has great application for believers in Yeshua today, whether Jew or Gentile, because Yeshua (Jesus) is our Passover Lamb, the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world!

Some other connections we can make from the Jewish feast of Passover:

1) Through the blood of the Lamb, applied to the doorposts of their homes, God delivered the Israelites from Pharaoh, who held them in bondage and through the blood of Yeshua, shed on a wooden cross (the tree of sacrifice), God has delivered us from Satan (the Pharaoh of this world) and from a life of bondage to him. 

2) The Feast of Passover was to be observed on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan (according to Ex. 12:6 and Lev. 23:5) and Yeshua (Jesus) died precisely on the 14th day of Nisan, as our Passover Lamb.

3) When the Israelites left Egypt, it was a time of “new beginnings” for them, a whole new life in a new “promised land” and the blood of Yeshua, our Passover Lamb, initiated a time of new beginnings for us – a whole new life in a new “promised land” – the Kingdom of God.  2 Cor. 5:17 says, “If anyone is in the Messiah, he is a new creation, old things have passed away, behold all things have become new! 
   God also spelled out specific requirements for the Passover Lamb itself.  The Lamb was to be chosen on the 10th day of Nisan and go on public display four days before Passover (Ex. 12:3).  Yeshua went on public display four days before Passover when He entered Jerusalem on the 10th of Nisan.
   Ex. 12:5 says that the Passover Lamb had to be a male, without defect (blemish).  Yeshua was examined by many during the last four days of His life, but they couldn’t find anything wrong with Him, such as Pontius Pilate who said, “I find nothing wrong with this man” (Luke 23:4), and Judas Iscariot, who, when returning the 30 pieces of silver (Matt. 27:4) cried out, “I have betrayed innocent blood!.”  The repentant cross thief said to the other cross thief (Luke 23:41), “We deserve the punishment we are getting, but this man has done nothing wrong.”  Even the Roman centurion (Matt 27:54) said after Yeshua had died, “Surely this man was the Son of God,” indicating Yeshua’s perfection.
  In Ex. 12:6 we see another one of God’s requirements concerning the Passover Lamb – it was to be killed at “twilight” on the 14th day of Nisan.  In the Hebrew language twilight reads “BAIN HA-ARBAYIM’ which literally means “between the two evenings.”  Yeshua was crucified during the 6th hour of the day between the two evenings on the 14th of Nisan, according to Luke 23:44.

  Also, according to Ex. 12:6, the Lamb was to be killed by all the people (the whole community).  Yeshua (Jesus) died for all sinners; we are all responsible for His death.  Romans 3:23 says that “all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.”
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could be eaten.

Purim Painting

As we all know, “leaven” in the Bible is symbolic of sin.  In the Hebrew language leaven is referred to as “chametz”, which means “something that ferments and leads to bitterness in the end.”  Sin in our lives will continue to ferment and lead to bitterness in the end, for “the wages of sin is death” (Rom. 6:23)

Of course, Yeshua was without sin, and right away we can see how the Feast of Unleavened Bread points toward Him, especially as it is directly connected with the Feast of Passover, which points toward the blood of Yeshua that was shed for all sinners.  Another way of putting that is He, even though He was sinless, became “the bread of affliction” for all of us!

During Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread we eat unleavened bread, which, in Judaism, is commonly called Matzah.  If you look closely at a piece of Matzah you will see that it is “striped, pierced and bruised,” a picture of God’s suffering Messiah in Isa. 53 who was “pierced for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities and by whose stripes we are healed!”
I’d like to leave you with a very interesting scripture found in Ex. 12:19.  “For seven days, no leaven is to be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.”  The word “stranger” reads in Hebrew “geyr”: one who is a foreigner; an alien; one who is from the nations; a Gentile.

God commanded for future generations that any Gentiles living amongst the Israelites should celebrate the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread with the Jewish people, a picture of unity in the Messiah between Jew and Gentile. the Torah, even to the smallest detail, to be the Passover Lamb of God.

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